Kids and teens with type 1 diabetes have a greater risk for other health problems, many of which also are autoimmune disorders. The diabetes health care team. Most teens with type 1 diabetes never need treatment for any other autoimmune disorder. But some do. So it can help to find out more about the diseases that. BRI also works with Virginia Mason Medical Center in other areas of disease research and clinical studies such as heart disease and cancer. Learn more about.
Harley's in-depth genetic analysis revealed that at the cellular level, the Epstein-Barr virus shares a number of abnormal viral on-off switches "transcription factors" in common with those seven other illnesses. Those transcription factors are meant to move along the human genome DNA roadmap , jumpstarting cells into performing necessary tasks. But the abnormal switches found in Epstein-Barr hijack this process.
First, they bind to a specific protein -- known as EBNA2. Then they move about the genome in search of disease trigger points. Once docked at a respective trigger point, the risk for that particular disease goes up, the new research suggests. Harley said he and other scientists will continue to examine additional factors that likely also contribute to autoimmune risk. Autoimmune diseases occur when your immune system mistakenly attacks your body.
As the cause of mononucleosis, Epstein-Barr is typically transmitted via saliva, giving rise to its nickname as the "kissing disease. Kids and teens with mono may have a fever, muscle aches and sore throat.
They often feel exhausted. However, many people -- especially young children -- experience no symptoms. And in most cases, mono resolves within a couple of weeks. Tim Coetzee is chief advocate for services and research with the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. These hormones play a role in bone development, puberty, and many other body functions. Thyroid disease can cause the thyroid gland to make too much thyroid hormone hyperthyroidism , pronounced: This is called a goiter pronounced: Normally, you can't see the thyroid gland, but when a person has a goiter, the gland bulges so it's visible.
Someone with a mildly underactive thyroid may feel just fine and have no symptoms. But symptoms can become more obvious if underactive thyroid gets worse. People with underactive thyroids might:. To check for thyroid disorders, the doctor may ask whether you've had the symptoms of a thyroid problem.
He or she may also feel your neck for an enlargement of the thyroid gland or order blood tests to check the levels of thyroid hormones in your blood. To treat underactive thyroid, people may need to take pills that keep their thyroid hormone levels normal. Doctors may prescribe pills or other treatments for people with overactive thyroid to bring their thyroid hormone levels back down to normal and keep them there.
Celiac disease affects the intestine's ability to tolerate a protein called gluten, which is found in grains like wheat, rye, and barley. When people with this disease eat foods containing gluten, their immune system reacts to the protein.
Over time, eating the protein damages the small intestine and prevents it from properly absorbing nutrients from food. Some people with celiac disease have no symptoms, but others may have frequent diarrhea, abdominal pain, gas, bloating, weight or appetite loss, or tiredness. Some have growth problems because they aren't getting enough nutrients. If it's not treated, celiac disease can lead to serious health problems during childhood or adulthood, including hypoglycemia , osteoporosis a disease that causes brittle, fragile bones , and some types of cancer.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your doctor will do a blood test to check for celiac disease, even if you don't have symptoms. The doctor also might need to remove a piece of tissue from the small intestine and examine it under a microscope this is called a biopsy to tell for sure whether you have celiac disease.
People who have celiac disease need to follow a special diet that's free of foods that contain gluten. To make sure you're eating the right gluten-free foods to stay healthy and help keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range, you can meet with a registered dietitian.
He or she can help you learn about choosing and preparing tasty gluten-free foods. Addison's disease is an autoimmune disease that affect the adrenal glands, which are located just above the kidneys. The adrenal glands make hormones, including cortisol pronounced: KOR-tuh-sol and aldosterone pronounced: These hormones control many body functions, like blood pressure, fluid balance, heart function, use of insulin, and a person's sense of alertness and well-being.
Autoimmune Disease List
Because we know that having Type 1 puts you at a higher risk of developing other autoimmune diseases, it's important to be aware of what the signs and. Skin Conditions and Diabetes Skin conditions related to this disease are common. Fortunately, most can be successfully treated before they turn into a serious. Autoimmune diseases are a broad range of related diseases in which a person's immune system produces an inappropriate response against its own cells.