The 6 most common anxiety disorders are: generalised anxiety disorder, social phobia, specific phobias, OCD, PTSD and panic disorder. Generalized Anxiety Disorder, GAD, is an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic anxiety, exaggerated worry and tension, even when there is little or nothing. J Abnorm Child Psychol. Feb;32(1) Variations in anxiety and depression as a function of ADHD subtypes defined by DSM-IV: do subtype differences.
Anxiety Variations of
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Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. Forensic and Law Psychology. There may also be responsibilities you can give up, turn down, or delegate to others. When practiced regularly relaxation techniques such as mindfulness meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, and deep breathing can reduce anxiety symptoms and increase feelings of relaxation and emotional well-being.
Exercise is a natural stress buster and anxiety reliever. Rhythmic activities that require moving both your arms and legs are especially effective.
Try walking, running, swimming, martial arts, or dancing. A lack of sleep can exacerbate anxious thoughts and feelings, so try to get seven to nine hours of quality sleep a night. Be smart about caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine. If you struggle with anxiety, you may want to consider reducing your caffeine intake, or cutting it out completely.
Similarly alcohol can also make anxiety worse. And while it may seem like cigarettes are calming, nicotine is actually a powerful stimulant that leads to higher, not lower, levels of anxiety. For help kicking the habit, see How to Quit Smoking.
Put a stop to chronic worrying. Worrying is a mental habit you can learn how to break. Strategies such as creating a worry period, challenging anxious thoughts, and learning to accept uncertainty can significantly reduce worry and calm your anxious thoughts. If your physician rules out a medical cause, the next step is to consult with a therapist who has experience treating anxiety disorders. The therapist will work with you to determine the cause and type of your anxiety disorder and devise a course of treatment.
Anxiety disorders respond very well to therapy —and often in a relatively short amount of time. The specific treatment approach depends on the type of anxiety disorder and its severity.
But in general, most anxiety disorders are treated with therapy, medication, or some combination of the two. Cognitive-behavioral therapy and exposure therapy are types of behavioral therapy, meaning they focus on behavior rather than on underlying psychological conflicts or issues from the past. They can help with issues such as panic attacks, generalized anxiety, and phobias.
Cognitive-behavior therapy helps you identify and challenge the negative thinking patterns and irrational beliefs that fuel your anxiety. Exposure therapy encourages you to confront your fears and anxieties in a safe, controlled environment. By gradual exposure to the feared object or situation, either in your imagination or in reality, you gain a greater sense of control and as you face your fear without being harmed, your anxiety will diminish.
However, anxiety medications can be habit forming and cause unwanted or even dangerous side effects, so be sure to research your options carefully. Many people use anti-anxiety medication when therapy, exercise, or self-help strategies would work just as well or better—minus the side effects and safety concerns.
National Alliance on Mental Illness. Anxiety Disorders Association of America. Anxiety and Depression Association of America. Symptoms can include difficulty relaxing, upsetting dreams or flashbacks of the event, and avoidance of anything related to the event. PTSD is diagnosed when a person has symptoms for at least a month. Sign up below for regular emails filled with information, advice and support for you or your loved ones. Home The facts Anxiety Types of anxiety.
Types of anxiety Many people with anxiety experience symptoms of more than one type of anxiety condition, and may experience depression as well. There are different types of anxiety. The most common are: Generalised anxiety disorder GAD A person feels anxious on most days, worrying about lots of different things, for a period of six months or more.
Learn more about GAD. Social anxiety A person has an intense fear of being criticised, embarrassed or humiliated, even in everyday situations, such as speaking publicly, eating in public, being assertive at work or making small talk.
Specific phobias A person feels very fearful about a particular object or situation and may go to great lengths to avoid it, for example, having an injection or travelling on a plane.
Panic disorder A person has panic attacks, which are intense, overwhelming and often uncontrollable feelings of anxiety combined with a range of physical symptoms. Other conditions where anxiety is present.
Anxiety Disorders and Anxiety Attacks
Classifying different types of anxiety attacks can be difficult. “Anxiety attack” is not an official clinical term. You won't find it in the “Diagnostic and. Concerns have been raised about the ability of diagnostic criteria for attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to distinguish subtypes that are clearly. PDF | Considerable cross-cultural variation exists in the prevalence and presentation of the anxiety disorders as defined by the fourth edition of the Diagnostic.