Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, though it often appears during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, the more common type. With the correct treatment and recommended lifestyle changes, many people with diabetes are able to prevent or delay the onset of complications. Stay alert for symptoms of skin infections and other skin disorders common in people with. This nerve damage can lead to sensory loss, damage to limbs, and impotence in diabetic men. It is the most common complication of diabetes.
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Check-ups every 1 to 2 years can lead to early discovery and prevention of further damage. High blood glucose levels cause the blood to become thicker and stickier. This makes it harder for the heart to pump it around the body. High cholesterol and high blood pressure make the blood vessel walls thicker and harder. Having high blood glucose for a long time can damage nerves.
Nerves are like power cords and when the insulation gets damaged by high blood glucose levels, the signals do not get through properly. Nerve damage can result in loss of sensations in the feet and wounds can occur without the person noticing.
Injuries that go unnoticed or untreated can lead to foot ulcers and amputation. Nerve damage can also cause pain, often at the same time as having numb feet. Erectile dysfunction for men and reduced sexual sensation for women can be a long-term problem with diabetes.
It occurs when blood vessels or nerves in the area are damaged. Men may find it difficult to obtain or sustain an erection. This publication is provided for education and information purposes only. Hypoglycaemia can be the result of taking too much insulin or oral hypoglycaemic medicines, not eating enough carbohydrates, drinking alcohol or exercising excessively or for a prolonged period.
Severe hypoglycaemia can result in confusion, seizures and loss of consciousness. Hypoglycaemia is a condition in which there is an abnormally low level of glucose in the blood. Neuropathy in diabetes also called diabetic nerve damage or diabetic neuropathy is temporary or pe. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes. People with retinopathy ha. Diabetic nephropathy refers to kidney problems which result from diabetes mellitus.
Diabetic ketoacidosis DKA is a serious condition that can occur as a complication of diabetes. Hyperglycaemia means too much sugar glucose in the bloodstream. For someone with diabetes it means. The feet and legs are common sites for complications in people with diabetes, and for this reason go. Diabetic complications are mainly caused by the long-term effects of raised blood sugar glucose le.
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Long-term diabetes complications include the following. The skin acts as a barrier to protect our bodies from infection so it is important to keep the skin as healthy as possible. If the skin becomes dry, it can lead to cracks and possibly infections. To reduce the risk of skin problems:. People with poorly managed diabetes are at increased risk of tooth decay and gum infections. This is because the small blood vessels that help nourish your teeth and gums can become damaged.
Dental and gum infections can also lead to high blood glucose levels. Not looking after your teeth and gums can cause the gums to become inflamed and loosen around your teeth. Poor oral care is also strongly linked with an increased risk of heart disease. To reduce your risk of teeth and gum problems:. Living with and managing either type 1 or type 2 diabetes can lead to stress, anxiety and depression.
This can affect your blood glucose levels and how you manage your diabetes in general. Over time, this can affect your health. It is important to talk to your doctor if you are going through times of stress, depression or anxiety. Your doctor can refer you to a counsellor, psychologist or psychiatrist by providing a diabetes mental health plan.
This is Medicare rebated. Other help is available, including:. You can find more information about diabetes and mental health at Diabetes Victoria. Diabetes, particularly type 2, has been linked with Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. Brain changes, resulting from reduced blood supply to the brain over time, appear to be associated with an increased risk for development of these conditions.
Your immune system helps to prevent and fight infection. High blood glucose levels slow down the white blood cells, which help fight infection.
This makes it more difficult for the immune system to do its job. Support your immune system and reduce your risk of infection by:. People with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of thyroid disease. This includes both overactive and underactive thyroid. Thyroid disorders can affect general health and may affect blood glucose levels. Thyroid function is assessed by a blood test. Talk to your doctor to see if you have had your thyroid function checked.
Reduced blood supply and nerve damage can affect sexual function. Erectile dysfunction impotence in men is the persistent inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. This is a common problem for men of all ages and is more common in men with diabetes.
Erectile dysfunction is not a disease, but a symptom of some other problem — physical, psychological or a mixture of both. Most cases of erectile dysfunction are physical, such as nerve or blood vessel damage.
In women, sexual dysfunction is also reported, although there is a lack of research in this area. It is difficult to know whether this is directly related to hormonal changes such as menopause, or to diabetes.
It is important to seek help from your doctor, diabetes educator or organisations such as Andrology Australia. There are health professionals available to help you. The following content is displayed as Tabs. Once you have activated a link navigate to the end of the list to view its associated content. The activated link is defined as Active Tab.
Diabetes and the build-up of glucose sugar in the blood can cause serious complications if left untreated It may take a while to find the right insulin dose to reduce your blood glucose to acceptable levels Healthy exercise is important for everyone. This video from Diabetes Australia — Victoria explores the importance of exercise when you have diabetes This health assessment questionnaire will identify which zones of your lifestyle are contributing to your personal health risk and provide actions you can take to make positive change When you have diabetes you need to take care of your feet every day.
This video from Diabetes Australia — Victoria explores footcare and diabetes Others can go for years without realising that they are living with the condition Gestational diabetes is diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears when the pregnancy is over Diabetes insipidus is characterised by extreme thirst and the passing of vast amounts of urine Pre-diabetes has no symptoms or warning signs, and is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes Exercise is an important lifestyle choice for everyone.
For people with diabetes or at risk of diabetes, exercise is still an important part of a healthy lifestyle Healthy eating is important for everyone. This video from Diabetes Australia — Victoria explores healthy eating and food choices The main thing is to choose physical activities that you enjoy and that you can stick to in the long term Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can increase your risk of heart attack, kidney failure and stroke Kidney failure means the kidneys can no longer remove waste and maintain the level of fluid and salts that the body needs Hypoglycaemia refers to symptoms caused by low blood glucose.
The most common reason for hypoglycaemia is diabetes medication This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by: Content on this website is provided for information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional. The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website.
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Type 2 Diabetes Complications
(It is possible with type 2 diabetes to already have some of these . Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is the most common form of nerve damage. Learn about diabetes complications from Cleveland Clinic. Read more about the many long-term risks for a diabetic's eyes, brain, heart, feet, and more. Find information about preventing diabetes complications from the Symptoms include frequent urination, drowsiness, lethargy, and decreased intake of fluids.