Moxibustion for alleviating side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy in people with cancer. The issue. Moxibustion is used in traditional. If it's been determined that cancer cannot be cured, chemotherapy It's only in recent years that that alleviation of symptoms has become an. Chemotherapy side effects are a common concern among people with cancer. Although chemotherapy aims to wipe out cancer cells and stop.
CHEMO AND ALLEVIATES SYMPTOMS CANCER
We found some small single studies showing various beneficial effects of moxibustion on increasing blood cells and promoting immunological function, decreasing gastrointestinal symptoms caused by toxicity of chemotherapy or radiotherapy such as nausea and vomiting , and improving quality of life.
However, the poor reporting and high risk of bias in study methods reduced the certainty of the evidence. What is the certainty of the evidence? The evidence was of low or very low-certainty. What are the conclusions? There is presently no good evidence to support or oppose the use of moxibustion in people receiving treatment for cancer.
High-quality studies are needed, which should include reporting of adverse effects. Limited, low-certainty evidence suggests that moxibustion treatment may help to reduce the haematological and gastrointestinal toxicities of chemotherapy or radiotherapy, improving QoL in people with cancer; however, the evidence is not conclusive, and we cannot rule out benefits or risks with this treatment.
High-quality studies that report adverse effects are needed. Moxibustion, a common treatment in traditional Chinese medicine, involves burning herbal preparations containing Artemisia vulgaris on or above the skin at acupuncture points.
Its intended effect is to enhance body function, and it could reduce the side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy and improve quality of life QoL in people with cancer. To assess the effects of moxibustion for alleviating side effects associated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or both in people with cancer.
Several studies looked at how acupuncture could help with nausea and vomiting when it was due to chemotherapy. In the studies, many people wore acupressure wrist bands acubands. The wrist bands apply pressure to acupuncture points on the wrist.
Most of these studies showed that acupressure might help with nausea and vomiting. A systematic review in looked at acupuncture in people with breast cancer. It showed that doctors could use acupuncture with other anti-sickness medication. Several small studies have looked at using acupuncture to reduce symptoms of peripheral neuropathy.
This is for people who have breast cancer or myeloma and who have had chemotherapy. Hot flushes and sweats are a common side effect of treatment. This is in people having treatment for breast, prostate or womb cancers. A review of acupuncture trials with people found that there is not enough evidence to say that it can help with hot flushes. It concluded that we need more research. The AcCliMaT study in was with people with breast cancer. They had hot flushes.
It found that people who had acupuncture, had fewer symptoms. A review study in said that acupuncture had a small effect on improving hot flushes. This study was also in people with breast cancer. Lymphoedema is swelling caused by a build-up of lymph fluid. It can be a side effect of surgery or radiotherapy treatment. During surgery the surgeon may remove the lymph nodes which usually drain the fluid. Radiotherapy can cause scarring to the lymph nodes. Lymphoedema can cause discomfort, pain and difficulty moving.
There is no cure for lymphoedema, but treatments can relieve symptoms. Moxibustion uses a dried herb called mugwort. It is rolled into a stick.
The practitioner holds the glowing end of the lit stick over acupuncture points to warm them. The researchers found that acupuncture and moxibustion was safe for people with lymphoedema.
This was especially when there are no needles near the area of lymphoedema. The people taking part reported some improvement in their symptoms. The team suggested that we need more research. Korean researchers did a systematic review in The review looked at the benefits of acupuncture in traditional Korean medicine for people with lymphoedema. People in all the studies had breast cancer. They found that they need more research to see if acupuncture works. Another recent study also looked at using acupuncture in people with lymphoedema.
They also had breast cancer. The researchers found that acupuncture was not better than the usual treatment for lymphoedema. Tiredness fatigue after chemotherapy is hard to manage and can have a big effect on your life. It sometimes lasts for years. It looked at acupuncture for tiredness after chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer. It is not clear whether this benefit continues in the longer term.
This is because the women were only followed up for 18 weeks. The researchers said that we need more research. A review of acupuncture trials in had similar findings.
It also concluded that we need more research. Researchers did another review study in It was looking at people with breast cancer. The study found that acupuncture might have a small effect on tiredness. Acupuncture is used for a dry mouth xerostomia.
This is in people having radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. Some people have it for pain and dry mouth after neck surgery or a dry mouth in advanced cancer. A review study in said that acupuncture was a safe treatment. It suggested that doctors could use it as a complementary therapy in palliative care. Palliative care means having treatment that helps to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. A systematic review study in looked at how well acupuncture worked for a dry mouth caused by different conditions.
It included a dry mouth caused by radiotherapy treatment for cancer. The researchers found that there is not enough evidence to say that acupuncture is a treatment for a dry mouth backed up by research. Several small studies have looked into acupuncture or acupressure for cancer related breathlessness.
A review found some evidence that acupuncture might help relieve breathlessness. This was when it was due to advanced cancer or its treatment. Other studies show no benefit. A review said that we need bigger, good quality trials before we can know for sure.
They found that acupuncture, morphine and the combination helped to relieve breathlessness. Acupuncture also relieved anxiety. They suggested that it was a good alternative to morphine. Several studies have looked at how acupuncture can help to reduce anxiety or mood changes.
A review of studies in found no evidence that it can help. It suggested that we need better-designed studies to find out. Several studies have looked at whether acupuncture can help people with cancer sleep better. Some of the side effects disappear after a few days, but it usually takes a few months for you to make an overall recovery from chemotherapy.
Because cytostatics affect dividing cells, many of the side effects are concentrated on renewable tissue, such as hair, bone marrow and mucous membranes.
The type and severity of the side effects depend on the drugs used, dosages, your overall condition and how our body responds to the drugs. The most common side effects can nowadays be effectively prevented and treated. Below we list the most common side effects of cytotoxic drugs.
You will be able to get more detailed information on the side effects and their treatment from the medical staff treating you. The use of certain cytotoxic drugs causes hair growth to stop, which results in either complete or partial baldness and the loss of other bodily hair. Hair regrows once chemotherapy finishes.
Not all cytotoxic drugs cause hair loss. Patients on chemotherapy can obtain wigs free of charge from the hospital subject to payment obligations. Nausea is the most common side effect of chemotherapy. As with other adverse effects of chemotherapy, the symptoms of nausea depend on the drug and the dosage you are given.
Nausea may result in vomiting a few hours after treatment or as prolonged queasiness that may last up to 2 — 4 days. However modern preventive medication helps reduce the threat of nausea and alleviate it considerably. The effectiveness of nausea prophylaxis varies with the type of treatment. The mucous membranes of your mouth and pharynx are rapidly renewable tissues and so are vulnerable to the adverse effects of cytotoxic drugs.
The extent of damage to the mucous membranes can vary. Following chemotherapy the mucous membranes of your mouth and pharynx may start to redden and develop a covering and sores.
Drinking and eating are painful and, most problematic, even swallowing saliva is difficult. Fungal infections are common and herpes is possible. Before beginning chemotherapy, it is a good idea to go to a dentist to have infections treated and get advice on enhanced dental care and using fluoride. Diarrhoea is a common side effect of chemotherapy.
It is caused by damage to the intestinal mucous membranes. If diarrhoea is a problem, your bowel function can be slowed down using antidiarrhoeal medication. Blood cells are formed in bone marrow, which we have in our large bones.
Moxibustion for alleviating side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy in people with cancer
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