Learn about seizure types, what causes seizures, what happens during A seizure that lasts longer than five minutes is a medical emergency. Epilepsy is a brain disorder that happens when certain nerve cells in your brain misfire. It causes seizures, which can affect your behavior or the. If you are looking for information in another country, please contact your local epilepsy organisation. Many people have seizures that last for less than 5 minutes.
They happen because of sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain. When people think of seizures, they often think of convulsions in which a person's body shakes rapidly and uncontrollably. Not all seizures cause convulsions. There are many types of seizures and some have mild symptoms.
Seizures fall into two main groups. Focal seizures, also called partial seizures, happen in just one part of the brain. Generalized seizures are a result of abnormal activity on both sides of the brain. Most seizures last from 30 seconds to 2 minutes and do not cause lasting harm. However, it is a medical emergency if seizures last longer than 5 minutes or if a person has many seizures and does not wake up between them. Seizures can have many causes, including medicines, high fevers, head injuries and certain diseases.
People who have recurring seizures due to a brain disorder have epilepsy. Seizures are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. A seizure usually affects how a person looks or acts for a short time. S omeone having a seizure might collapse, shake uncontrollably, or even just stare into space. Seizures can be frightening, but most last only a few minutes, stop on their own, and are not life-threatening.
A person who has had two or more seizures may be diagnosed with epilepsy , also known as seizure disorder. During a seizure, many neurons fire all at once. This abnormal electrical activity can cause different symptoms depending on the part of the brain involved, including unusual sensations, uncontrollable muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness. And anything that results in a sudden lack of oxygen or reduced blood flow to the brain can cause a seizure. In some cases, a seizure's cause is never found.
While they can be scary to watch, these seizures are usually brief and rarely cause any serious or long-term problems, unless the fever is related to a serious infection, such as meningitis. Syncope SIN-ko-pee , or fainting, is not uncommon in older kids and teens. When it happens, kids might have a brief seizure or seizure-like spell.
Seizures and Epilepsy: Frequently Asked Questions
Types of Seizures. There are several different types of seizures. Most seizures can be categorized as either focal or generalized. Learn about the different types of seizures. Call if a seizure lasts more than 5 minutes or if the person gets injured during the seizure. Learn seizure first. A seizure lasts 5 minutes or longer. One seizure occurs right after another without the person regaining consciousness or coming to between seizures. Seizures.