Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from. Diabetes can strike anyone, from any walk of life. And it does – in numbers that are dramatically increasing. In the last decade, the cases of people living with. Diabetes is a serious condition where your blood glucose level is too high. There are two main types,Type 1andType 2. What all types of diabetes have in common is that they cause people to have too much glucose (sugar) in their blood.
Diabetes? What is
Treatment focuses on stabilizing the affected area with a cast, for instance , keeping too much weight off it, and reducing the swelling. Severely low blood sugar may result in unconsciousness and seizures. If the person cannot act for herself, someone else may have to give her a glucagon injection, which the person should carry in case of emergencies.
Glucagon is a hormone that causes the liver to break down glycogen into glucose. Know the signs so you can treat the condition as soon as you're aware of it. The body will try to excrete the extra blood glucose in the urine, leading to severe dehydration and an imbalance of electrolytes. The result can be brain swelling, abnormal heart rhythms, seizures, coma, organ failure, or even death. Then they go out and have some drinks. Alcohol, when it is broken down in the body, is also broken down into sugars.
Treatment generally happens in the ICU. Insulin is administered and electrolyte balances are also addressed. The best way to avoid HHNS is to monitor your blood sugar, take any insulin or medications you are prescribed in the proper dosage, and stick to your diet and exercise plan to manage diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes Complications High blood pressure during pregnancy preeclampsia is a common complication of gestational diabetes, possibly leading to the need for an early delivery. Full-term babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes can weigh 9 pounds or more, which can create complications during delivery and increase the likelihood that a cesarean section is needed. Once they are born, the infants are also more likely to develop dangerously low blood sugar, jaundice, or problems breathing.
Later in life the offspring have an increased risk of developing obesity and heart disease. Both mother and child have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Diet and lifestyle modifications are most often recommended to keep gestational diabetes under control and minimize the chance of complications. Get more details on that common question and others below. How do I know if I have diabetes?
Common symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, a constant feeling of hunger especially after eating , and frequent urination. If you are experiencing these symptoms — especially if you have a family history of diabetes — visit your doctor. He or she will examine you, take note of your health history, and run tests of your blood glucose level to possibly arrive at a diagnosis. Does sugar cause diabetes? Not really, but diabetes has everything to do with how your body handles the sugar you consume.
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders that cause the level of glucose sugar in your blood to be too high. This is called hyperglycemia. In order to keep your blood glucose level stable you may need to count the carbohydrates you consume, take insulin or oral medication, and monitor your blood glucose with a glucose meter.
With proper balance and smaller portions, sugar and other carbohydrates can and should remain a part of your diet. Both are conditions with life-altering symptoms and complications, but they have very different causes.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance, when the body stops responding well to insulin and the blood glucose level rises too high. Is type 2 diabetes genetic? What about type 1 diabetes? Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are polygenic, meaning they involve multiple genes, and their development is affected by lifestyle and environmental risk factors. Nonetheless, risk scoring cannot tell you with certainty if you will develop one of the disorders. What does "prediabetic" mean? If you have prediabetes, it means your body has stopped responding well to the hormone insulin — a condition known as insulin resistance — and your blood sugar is higher than normal, though not high enough to qualify as diabetes.
A normal A1C result is below 5. If your A1C is 5. Can people with diabetes donate blood? Yes, it is possible to donate blood, with a few caveats. Not only is that important for the health of the individual — since donating blood along with the glucose it contains removes a small amount of fuel from your system — but it is a requirement of the American Red Cross.
Can people with diabetes eat fruit? If you have diabetes, you absolutely can eat fruit in moderation and paired with other types of nutrients. First, look for fruit options lower on the glycemic index GI , says Turkel.
The GI is a measure of how food raises blood glucose levels. Foods are ranked on a scale of 0 to , with being the GI of pure glucose sugar. Most fruit is low on the GI, at 55 or below. Looking at the glycemic load, a related measure that compares how the same amount of carbohydrates in each food will raise your blood sugar, gives an even better picture of how fruit or any other food with carbohydrates will affect your blood sugar. And limit it to only twice a day. What is a "diabetic diet"? You will be encouraged to count carbohydrates and keep them at a consistent level for each meal you eat to help stabilize your blood sugar.
But to manage your blood sugar, making smart carb choices is key. What foods should people with diabetes avoid? There are very few foods that a person with diabetes ought to actually avoid. If you practice portion control, count your carbohydrates, and eat a healthy balance of nutrients, you should be able to continue eating many of the foods that you like — in moderation.
Can people with diabetes get tattoos? Yes, but you should check with your doctor first, and be sure of a few things, says Derocha. That is because one of the side effects of poor sugar control is an inability to heal [well] and to fight off infection.
She also cautions against having tattoos if you have kidney problems or diabetic peripheral neuropathy nerve damage , particularly in the regions where you want to place the tattoos. Again, this is to guard against the possibility of an infection that will sicken you or heal poorly.
What is diabetes insipidus? This condition is unrelated to type 1 or type 2 diabetes. As a result, the body excretes large amounts of urine. In this condition, blood glucose levels remain normal.
What does diabetic nerve pain feel like? Diabetic peripheral neuropathy, or nerve damage, can develop when elevated blood sugar damages nerves, which then send sensory signals to the central nervous system in an altered and disordered fashion. The result can be neuropathic pain that is burning or tingling in nature. In rare cases, you may undergo electric nerve stimulation to alleviate symptoms.
Can dogs get diabetes? Like us, they can develop insulin deficiency diabetes which is like type 1 diabetes in humans , and insulin resistance diabetes which is like type 2 in people. The insulin-deficient type is most prevalent in canines, though older, obese dogs in particular can develop insulin resistance. The symptoms and treatments of diabetes in dogs are not unlike what humans experience. Breeds that may be at higher risk for the condition include miniature poodles, bichons frises, Australian terriers, fox terriers, cairn terriers, pugs, dachshunds, miniature schnauzers, pulis, Samoyeds, keeshonden, and beagles.
Yes, and in fact diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in , claiming nearly 80, people, for whom it was the underlying cause of death listed on their death certificate. Can diabetes cause low blood sugar?
Yes, having diabetes can lead to sudden drops in blood sugar, also called hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia can also be caused by missing a meal or not having enough carbohydrates in a meal. If left untreated, hypoglycemia can result in unconsciousness and seizures.
The best way to avoid hypoglycemia is to check your blood glucose regularly, eat regular meals with the right amount of carbohydrates in them, and note any adjustments you might need to make in what you eat or how much insulin you take when you exercise. Can diabetes be reversed? Insulin resistance which is seen in type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes is much easier to reverse in the prediabetes stage, says Happel.
Lifestyle changes can help you to get your blood glucose back within normal range, including: Types and Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus, Defined A number of disorders are grouped under the umbrella of diabetes, usually identified by type. The 10 Best Type 2 Diabetes Blogs of Everything You Need to Know.
Undiagnosed diabetes can lead to serious and potentially life-threatening health complications. Diabetes Risk Factors You Can Control Some of the strongest risk factors for developing insulin resistance are under your control.
Exercises for Managing Diabetic Neuropathy. Potential Complications of Diabetes and How to Help Prevent Them Poorly managed blood sugar can lead to serious and even life-threatening health complications, regardless of the type of diabetes you have. Other Possible Complications of Diabetes, Regardless of Type Numerous complications are associated with diabetes mellitus.
Hypoglycemia can cause both short- and long-term complications. Health Conditions Related to Diabetes. Is It Possible to Reverse Diabetes? Sign up for our Living with Diabetes Newsletter! Thanks for signing up for our newsletter! You should see it in your inbox very soon. Please enter a valid email address Subscribe We respect your privacy. National Diabetes Statistics Report, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hyperglycemia High Blood Glucose.
The A1C Test and Diabetes. Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes. Type 1 Diabetes Risk Factors. Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults. Bell DS, Ovalle F. American Journal of Therapeutics. What Is Neurodegenerative Disease? Hughes T, Craft S. The Complexity of Diagnosing Type 1 Diabetes. Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes. Personalized Risk Prediction for Type 2 Diabetes: The Potential of Genetic Risk Scores. What Is Monogenic Diabetes? Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes — Noninsulin Diabetes Medications Summary Chart.
Blood Glucose Monitoring Devices. Food and Drug Administration. Carbohydrate Counting and Diabetes. Consistent Carbohydrate Diet for Diabetes Mellitus. Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load. Blood Glucose and Exercise. Foundation for Peripheral Neuropathy. Preventing and Treating Orthostatic Hypotension: As Easy as A, B, C. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine.
Therapies for Treating Nerve Pain. American Academy of Neurology. Charcot Joints or Neuropathic Arthropathy. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society. Low Blood Glucose Hypoglycemia. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Diabetes mellitus is a lifelong condition caused by a lack, or insufficiency of insulin. Insulin is a hormone — a substance of vital importance that is made by your pancreas.
Insulin acts like a key to open the doors into your cells, letting sugar glucose in. In diabetes, the pancreas makes too little insulin to enable all the sugar in your blood to get into your muscle and other cells to produce energy. Therefore, diabetes is characterized by high blood sugar glucose levels.
Before you got diabetes, your body automatically kept your blood sugar exactly at the right level. Here is how that worked. After a meal containing carbohydrates, sugar is absorbed into the blood stream very quickly.
The amount of sugar in your blood must not get too high or too low. Two hormones — insulin and glucagon — were produced in the pancreas — to ensure that the blood sugar was always well controlled no matter how much you had to eat and how much you exercised. Type 1 diabetes tends to occur in childhood or early adult life, and always requires treatment with insulin injections.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious complex condition which can affect the entire body. Diabetes requires daily self care and if complications develop, diabetes can have a. Diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process food for use as energy. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our. Diabetes is a chronic, incurable disease that occurs when the body doesn't produce any or enough insulin, leading to an excess of sugar in the blood. Insulin is.