Find the perfect plant. Look through our extensive list of flowers and plants by Plant Types. Jan 12, There is an incredible number of different plants in the world. Humans separate plants according to particular traits. Some of the most important. Comprehensive list of synonyms for general types of plant, by Macmillan Dictionary and Thesaurus.
Given their narrow habitat requirements, many epiphytes rely on wind for seed dispersal and have feathery or dustlike seeds. Animal dispersal is also common, and a number of species have edible fruits with seeds that are dispersed by birds and other tree-dwelling animals. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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Learn More in these related Britannica articles: In the water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes , swollen petioles keep the plant afloat. Epiphytic bromeliads air plants such as Spanish moss, Tillandsia usneoides; Bromeliaceae absorb water and minerals via foliar trichomes. The glandular trichomes produce and secrete substances such as oils, mucilages, resins, and, in the case of carnivorous plants, digestive juices. Plants growing in soils with high salt content….
Epiphyte s depend on their hosts for structural support but do not derive nourishment from them or harm them in any way. Epiphyte s are particularly diverse and include large plants such as orchids, aroids, bromeliads, and ferns in addition to smaller plants such as algae, mosses, and lichens.
In tropical rainforests epiphytes are often so abundant that their weight fells trees. Epiphyte s that grow near the upper…. Epiphyte cacti grow on other plants or on hard substrates such as rocks. They generally have thin, flat stems for easy absorption of water, and the protective spines prevalent among ground cacti are replaced by hairs or bristles. Climbing cacti, such as some leaf cacti…. Order growth characteristics cactus In cactus: Physical characteristics In Caryophyllales: Cactaceae commensalism In community ecology: Commensalism and other types of interaction jungles and rain forests In tropical rainforest: General structure of the rainforest leaf functions In angiosperm: Mosses are close relatives of liverworts.
They also like damp places and they need a lot of water to make offspring. Often mosses and liverworts fight for space around rivers and streams.
Mosses don't need soil to grow, so rocks and trees can be covered in moss. Mosses are the first plant group which show 'apical' growth. This means individual stems grow from the tip or special points along the stem, just as flowering plants do. Liverworts simply expand, growing outwards from every point.
Sphagnum moss is an especially successful moss that will grow on water. It can form floating mats many feet deep. In places, it is possible to walk on these floating mats, sometimes called "quaking bogs.
One of the strangest experiences I ever had was walking across one of these bogs. Small trees grew in the sphagnum and trees leaned to the side as I passed—my weight on the moss was enough to cause this! This is why they are called "quaking bogs. Ferns are far better at coping with dry periods than either algae or mosses, but still need very wet conditions to reproduce.
This limits where they can grow. You will not find a fern in a desert! Bracken is an especially successful kind of fern in countries with a cool, wet climate. It spreads quickly by using underground "creeping rhizomes" and can cover many acres very quickly. In Devonian times, many millions of years ago, ferns were the dominant land plant on our planet.
Instead of forests of fir trees or oaks, there were forests of huge tree ferns. Later on, many familiar dinosaurs like the Triceratops would be happy to dine on ferns. Seeds have an outer layer that helps protect against drying out, infection, or consumption by animals. They are the kinds of exotic-looking plants you see in jungle movies, though some are popular house and garden plants. They like moisture and heat.
If you have grown up in a northern climate, cycads can be strange plants to encounter. Quite suddenly unfamiliar and fascinating structures will grow out of a cycad in my garden, for example, and have me hunting through my books to find out exactly what is happening.
Cones bear exposed seeds rather than the kinds of seeds that you find in flowering plants, which are well protected until they are released. The seeds are often pollinated by special kinds of beetles rather than bees or other insects.
When you look at the fossils of this plant, it seems that there only ever was one kind of ginkgo; the modern plant looks a great deal like its ancient relatives, who date back to the Permian period a time well before the dinosaurs. Despite its lack of diversity, the ginkgo once covered huge areas of the world. Now it is only found naturally in Central China. Most scientists think that flowering trees have been outcompeting the ginkgo, and so the ginkgo has gradually been dying out.
At the same time, the tree's beauty has meant that gardeners and park keepers have carefully planted and tended ginkgo trees around the world. Conifers are close relatives of cycads. They have cones with seeds and they also have woody trunks. The most noticeable difference is that conifers like cold, northern climates where they can form huge forests that can stretch from one side of a continent to the other.
The typical conifer shape is excellent at shedding snow. They also have many ways of coping with freezing at the cellular level. Some people think of plants and trees as very different.
The truth is that trees are plants, just as much as a row of lettuce or a fine rose. Flowering plants are the most familiar kind of plant for anyone who lives in a temperate climate not too hot, not too cold. The thing that makes a geranium so similar to an oak tree is the flowers that they both produce.
Flowering plants protect the female parts of the plant inside thick walls of tissue. The male parts of the plant produce pollen, and this needs to burrow its way through this tissue to produce an embryo that then develops into a seed.
Pollen can be transferred from one plant to another by the wind or by insects like bees. Plants that use wind pollination usually have small, drab and inconspicuous flowers.
Flowers that use insects for pollination are often big and bright so that the insects can see them from a long way off. Flowering plants are the plants most able to cope with dry conditions. Cacti can flourish in places where there is no rain for many years at a time.
While flowering trees grow more slowly than conifers, their hard wood is more resistant to insect damage. This means they do better in warmer places. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. This chart is helpful but plz write or give the names of that plants which are found in the surrounding and have simple names so that it will be easy for the students of lower classes to learn and understand Thanks to both of you for your kind words.
I enjoy getting the images right -- which is pretty easy to be honest given how beautiful plants are. The pictures really made this hubpage zing! Lots of information into a very tight space. Interesting and a visual treat. Love these descriptions, but algae are plantlike protists, not plants. Yes, I read in your Hub about Venus Flytraps growing in poor-quality soil, too in the quaking bog video.
I had always thought they consumed insects for their nitrogen, but it seems as though it's their minerals that they're after. I've never seen sundews up close, but I've read about their fascinating insect-trapping mechanism. I visited a quaking bog in Wales UK on a field trip as a student. It was pretty special. One thing about sphagnum is that it only grows in nutrient poor environments. The lack of nutrients also means that plants that are good at catching insects do well.
In Wales, that meant plants called sundews. These trap and digest insects to extract the nutrients. Another way of putting it is that these plants make a kind of compost from flies so they can flourish.
Interesting and informative stuff, Will. The quaking bog was pretty freaky! The pictures really help illustrate the fascinating variety in the plant kingdom. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
Types of Plants (With Pictures)
Jun 8, There are many different types of plants, ranging from grand trees to tiny algae. This is an overview with pictures. The landscaping and gardening experts at writingdesk.pw share info on annuals, perennials, bulbs, vines, aquatic plants, cacti and more. Search house plant types here from a selection of the main categories that apply to indoor plants; the common types and phrases used.