German fire servicesThe Feuerwehr German for fire defence fier a number of German fire departments. By law, they are required to operate trou dbal masque forces. In cities, this is usually performed by the Fire Prevention Bureau, one of the higher-ranking authorities. There are three kinds of recruiting fire fighters in Germany: By law, cities with a population of more than 80,—, people depending on the state are required to have east german fire trucks professional fire-fighting force "Berufsfeuerwehr".
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The Feuerwehr German for fire defence is a number of German fire departments. By law, they are required to operate fire-fighting forces. In cities, this is usually performed by the Fire Prevention Bureau, one of the higher-ranking authorities.
There are three kinds of recruiting fire fighters in Germany: By law, cities with a population of more than 80,—, people depending on the state are required to have a professional fire-fighting force "Berufsfeuerwehr".
Others such as smaller cities and towns can set up a full-time force "Hauptamtliche Wachbereitschaft" , which is basically a group or a squadron occupying one large fire station around the clock. This force deals with smaller incidents on its own and is supported by voluntary forces for larger incidents.
Each community meets the need of fire-fighting personnel by setting up a voluntary force "Freiwillige Feuerwehr". A community or a city may also set up a professional fire fighting force without additional volunteer forces.
In case it is not possible to recruit enough personnel for this job, the mayor of a city is required to set up a "Pflichtfeuerwehr" compulsory fire brigade , where he will draft the number of personnel required. Voluntary and professional fire brigades usually share the same basic layout when deploying.
Firefighters are organized in tactical units as follows: Most standard procedures in German firefighting are based on the Gruppe group , since it is the smallest tactical unit to work independently. The also common Staffel squadron is basically a group stripped down to the absolutely necessary minimum, which can easily be extended to a Gruppe by joining with a three-firefighter Trupp squad from another vehicle.
Due to the financial situation of most German cities, the squadron is the most common unit for professional fire-fighting forces, because it provides sufficient manpower but saves three firefighters in comparison to a group.
The standard procedures for fire and technical aid and rescue assign certain tasks to certain crew members. This helps keeping the orders the unit commander has to give short and simple, since those tasks don't need to be specifically assigned to anyone. However, most of these guidelines date back to a time when SCBA was not widespread.
Thus, if SCBA is applied, the procedure has to be adapted. Members of the professional fire departments and volunteer fire departments serve in a hierarchy corresponding to other German institutions e.
The volunteer firefighters ranks are as follows with deviations depending on the federal state:. In Germany exist three career groups with different conditions. They are governed in a state law on civil servants. The firefighters start with an month training time which ends with test. The use of Brandmeister is dependent of the size of the fire department they are working for. In bigger departments mostly as water squad in smaller departments also as attack squad or engine operator.
Condition to start directly in this grad is a college degree, starting with a month training and end with an test. Technically, there are eleven types of vehicles in service today. However, due to regional needs and availability, there are a vast number of different vehicles in use.
Specialized vehicles are used by German airport fire departments. These include crash engines. The first generation covers engines constructed between and known as the FlKfz The second-generation engines FlKfz equipment manufacturer: Metz now part of Rosenbauer , FlKfz equipment manufacturer: The third generation entered active service in Unlike the second-generation engines, this new series of 16 Z8 engines is no longer a military-specific design.
All of these vehicles were equipped by Ziegler. German fire brigades all use two-way FM radio to coordinate their efforts. There were plans to implement digitally scrambled trunked radio systems a nationwide TETRA-based  system located in many German cities by The city of Aachen began testing a TETRA-based system in and has implemented it since after completion of the pilot project  , . An enormous advantage of the German BOS Radio System is that virtually every helping organisation in Germany like police, Rescue Services, THW, life-guard and fire brigades are using the same system in different channels so they can easily switch and communicate.
Typically, 4-meter-radios  ,  ,  are used by dispatch centres and on vehicles, whereas 2-metre-radios are handheld Handie-Talkies  ,  ,  ,  for tactical communication on scene.
If direct communication is required, the engineer of the first-in engine will relay all messages directly to the dispatch center via the 4-meter radio on the engine. However, a dispatch center can monitor and if necessary respond on a non- repeatered 2-metre tactical channel. In most cases, German tactical channels are not used with a repeater.
For example, the radio identification "Florian Magdeburg " would describe the first ladder of station 1, operated by the Fire department of the city of Magdeburg. Although not in accordance with the respective service regulation "Dienstvorschrift" , these identifications are sometimes shortened for the sake of fast radio contact and when there can be no doubt that the vehicle is unique.
For example, the ELW currently on scene may simply refer to himself as "" or "Florian ", instead of using the whole sequence when the crew is certain that there are no other companies involved. Because the German Fire Services are terms of the federal states like Bavaria , Hessen or Berlin this may vary from state to state.
All fires or emergencies requiring assistance from the fire service can be reported using the toll-free european Emergency telephone number " emergency telephone number ".
The caller will be connected to the command centre responsible for their area and can report the emergency. The dispatcher will then decide whom to alert. If professional fire brigades are at the station, they will be alerted by klaxon, announcement or display messages. During the night, the alarm circuits are often wired to turn on the lights in the crew quarters.
In some areas sirens are still in use, sometimes even as the primary means of alerting firefighters. A few fire brigades are experimenting with a GSM -based alarm circuit. The firefighter will then get either a message on his mobile phone or a machine will call him.
This method has proven successful in areas, where constant radio contact for pagers can not be guaranteed, e. To create an incetive for sports, fitness and health the German firefighting fitness badge can be awarded to any member of the German fire services. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of fire departments. Fire department List of fire departments Fire lookout tower Fire station.
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